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Breast lumps

Breast Lumps

Do not panic if you discover a breast lump, particularly if you are young (less than 40 years old) and you do not have a family history of breast or ovarian cancer. A breast lump is more likely to be benign (non-cancerous) than malignant (cancer). Only 10% of breast lumps seen by doctors in breast clinics are cancers. However, if you find a breast lump do not delay in consulting your doctor.

What Causes Breast Lumps?

Common causes of lumps in the breast are shown in Table 4. See Chapter 2 for more details.

Simple cysts (benign) Fibrocystic disease (benign) Fibroadenoma Breast cancer (malignant)
Fluid-filled bag
Drained with needle
Small cysts + hard lumps
Variation of normal breast
Caused by female hormonal activity
Common in 30–40 years
Hard, smooth lump
Very mobile
Common in 20–30 years
Common in Afro-Caribbean women
Hard, irregular
May be fixed to chest
With or without puckered skin
With or without nipple drawn in
With or without discharge

To make an appointment or to speak to the breast care team call us on 020 7908 2004